Baghdad, Iraq, has been a UNESCO City of Literature since 2015. Located along the Tigris River and at the junction of histeric trade roads, Baghdad is teh capital of Iraq and the country's largest city.
Barcelona, Spain, became a UNESCO City of Literature in 2015. The city is a publishing capital in two languages, as Barcelona is both the largest centre of publishing in the Spanish language in the world and the capital of the Catalan language.
Dunedin, New-Zealand, has been a UNESCO City of Literature since 2014. Situated on the South Island, Dunedin is a well known university town of excellence in research and learning, and a city where writers, books and literature thrive.
Durban in South Africa was designated a UNESCO City of Literature in October 2017, the first African city to join the literary network.
Edinburgh, Scotland, became a UNESCO City of Literature in 2004, the first in the world. The UNESCO Creative Cities Network was founded that year. Edinburgh's authors include Robert Burns, Walter Scott, J.K. Rawlings, Ian Rankin and many more.
Granada, Spain, has been a UNESCO City of Literature since 2014. Granada has always been a gathering place for poets, writers and intellectuals of great significance from Yehudá Ibn Tibón (1120-1190) and Ibn Zamrak (1333-1394), to Ángel Ganivet (1865-1898) and Federico García Lorca (1895-1936).
Heidelberg, Germany, joined the UNESCO Creative Cities Network in 2014. In Heidelberg, literature is omnipresent. Taking a walk through the city, one finds publishing houses, bookshops and libraries around every corner.
Iowa City, USA, has been a UNESCO City of Literature since 2008. The city is home to the University of Iowa and its world renowned creative writing programme that has fostered many international authors of the high regard.
Krakow, Poland, has been a UNESCO City of Literature since 2013. In its centuries-old history, Krakow was and still is a significant European academic and intellectual centre and the cradle of Polish language and literature.
Lillehammer in Norway was designated as a UNESCO City of Literature in October 2017. The tranquil township was a resting place for authors wanting to escape the hubbub of Oslo and was the home of Sigrid Undset, author of famed Norwegian epic Kristin Lavransdatter.
Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, has been a UNESCO Cit of Literature since 2015. Ljubljana is known as a prolific centre of literary creativity and has a strong public library network. The city was World Book Capital in 2010-2011 and the first city to host the World Book Summit in 2011.
Lviv in Ukraine has been a UNESCO City of Literature since 2015. Lviv is the largest city in western Ukraine and is recognized as the country’s Cultural Capital. Renowned for its rich literary history and printing legacy, Lviv is undeniably a city of writers, publishers and readers.
Manchester in England was designated as a UNESCO City of Literature in October 2017. It is the home of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society and also the home of twentieth century avant-garde writers such as Anthony Burgess and Jeanette Winterson.
Melbourne, Australia, has been a UNESCO City of Literature since 2008. Melbourne is the capital of the state of Victoria and is Australia's second largest city. It is the home for writers, independent publishers and bookstores in Australia.
Milan in Italy was designated a UNESCO City of Literature in October 2017. Milan is the core of one of the biggest metropolitan areas in Europe, and widely hailed as an epicentre of creative industries.
Montevideo, Uruguay, has been a UNESCO City of Literature since 2015. The capital city of Uruguay with just under 2 million inhabitants, Montevideo bears witness to a rich literary history linked to the city's position as one of the major ports in Latin America.
Óbidos, Portugal, has been a UNESCO City of Literature since 2015. This ancient fortified city on the western coast has distinguished itself through a combination of heritage preservation and creatice innovation.
Reykjavík, the Capital of Iceland, has been a UNESCO City of Literature since 2011. It was the first non-English speaking city to receive this honour. Literature and the literary heritage is the core of the nation’s identity and narrative art is the single most important part of its cultural history.
Tartu, Estonia, has been a UNESCO City of Literature since 2015. Tartu is the second largest city in Estonia and is widely considered its intellectual capital city. It has been vitally significant in developing the educational system, culture, science and literature in the Estonian language.
Ulyanovsk, Russia, has been a UNESCO City of Literature since 2015. The city, located by the Volga river, places strong emphasis on making literature a core priority and driver of its sustainable urban development.